Malabar Gliding Frog

Scientific Name: Rhacophorus malabaricus

The Malabar Gliding frog also called as Malabar Flying Frog is a tree frog species found in Western Ghats of India residing in the moist evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, coffee plantations etc.

Vivid green in color, the body length is about 10cm. The belly is more roughly granulated and is mainly pale yellow. There are skin fringes between and along the long limbs, and the webbing between fingers and toes is large and orange- reddish. The disks of fingers and toes are large. It has got a rounded snout. Males are smaller than females

The word gliding frog refers to the ability of this frog to break its fall by stretching the webbing between its toes while jumping down from the top of the tree. This helps the frog land softly on another branch or on the ground.
Like many moss frogs, they build foam nests above small pools of water, into which the tadpoles drop after hatching. The hibernation phase of the frogs end with the onset of heavy rains. In this starting phase males resort to calling and proclaim their territory by vocalising.

Listed as Least Concerned species by IUCN, still the population trend is decreasing. Conversion of forest habitat for use as intensively farmed agricultural land (coffee plantations) is a major threat.


Asian Palm Civet

Scientific name: Paradoxurus Hermaphroditus

The Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), also called toddy cat, is a small member of the family Viverridae native to South and Southeast Asia. They normally inhabit primary forests, but also occur at lower densities in secondary and selectively logged forest.

The Asian palm civet is a small, mottled gray and black weighing
2 to 5 kg. It has a body length of about 53 cm (21 in) with a 48 cm (19 in) long tail. Its long, stocky body is covered with coarse, shaggy hair that is usually grayish in colour. There is a white mask across the forehead, a small white patch under each eye, a white spot on each side of the nostrils, and a narrow dark line between the eyes. The muzzle, ears, lower legs, and distal half of the tail are black, with three rows of black markings on the body. The tail is without rings, unlike in similar civet species. Anal scent glands emit a nauseating secretion as a chemical defence when threatened or upset.

The Asian palm civet is solitary animal that only comes out under the cover of night to hunt and catch food. These nocturnal animals are primarily ground-dwelling and highly terrestrial as they mark their ranges by dragging their anal glands along the ground.

The Asian palm civet is a carnivorous animal, and like other species of civet, it survives on a meat-based diet, supplemented by the odd plant or fruit. Small animals such as rodents,lizards, snakes and frogs make up the majority of the Asian palm civet’s diet, along within sects and other small creatures scuttling through the under-growth. Asian palm civets are also known to eat the fruits and flowers of palms, mangoes and coffee in their natural habitats.

The female Asian palm civet usually gives birth to up to 4 young after a gestation period that lasts for a couple of months. The babies are weaned by their mother until they are strong enough to fend for themselves. Asian palm civets can live for up to 20 years, although most rarely get to be this old.

Today, the Asian palm civet is under threat from deforestation and therefore drastic loss of much of its natural habitat. The main reason for such extensive deforestation in the area is either for logging or to clear the land to make way for palm oil plantations.